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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.20.0637    [Accepted] Published online February 16, 2021.
Genetic diversity analysis in Chinese miniature pigs using swine leukocyte antigen complex microsatellites
Jinhua Wu1  , Ronghui Liu1,2  , Hua Li1,*  , Hui Yu1  , Yalan Yang1 
1Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Molecular Design and Precise Breeding, Foshan University, Foshan 528225, China
2Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee of Kaizhou District, Chongqing Municipality, Chongqing 405400, China
Correspondence:  Hua Li, Tel: +86-13690171729, Fax: 0757-85505094, Email: okhuali@fosu.edu.cn
Received: 8 September 2020   • Revised: 19 November 2020   • Accepted: 11 February 2021
Background: The swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) gene group, which is closely linked and highly polymorphic, has important biomedical significance in the protection and utilization of germplasm resources. However, genetic polymorphism analyses of SLA microsatellite markers in Chinese miniature pigs are limited.
Eighteen pairs of microsatellite primers were used to amplify the SLA regions of seven miniature pig breeds and three wild boar breeds (n=346) from different regions of China. The indexes of genetic polymorphism, including expected heterozygosity (He), polymorphic information content (PIC), and haplotype, were analyzed. The genetic differentiation coefficient (Fst) and neighbor-joining (NJ) methods were used for cluster analysis of the breeds.
In miniature pigs, the SLA I region had the highest numbers of polymorphisms, followed by the SLA II and SLA III regions; the region near the centromere had the lowest number of polymorphisms. Among the seven miniature pig breeds, Diannan small-ear pigs had the highest genetic diversity (PIC value=0.6396), whereas the genetic diversity of the Hebao pig was the lowest (PIC value=0.4330). The Fst values in the Mingguang small-ear, Diannan small-ear, and Yunnan wild boars were less than 0.05. According to phylogenetic cluster analysis, the South-China-type miniature pigs clustered into one group, among which Mingguang small-ear pigs clustered with Diannan small-ear pigs. Haplotype analysis revealed that the SLA I, II, and III regions could be constructed into 13, 7, and 11 common haplotypes, respectively.
This study validates the high genetic diversity of the Chinese miniature pig. Mingguang small-ear pigs have close kinship with Diannan small-ear pigs, implying that they may have similar genetic backgrounds and originate from the same population. This study also provides a foundation for genetic breeding, genetic resource protection, and classification of Chinese miniature pigs.
Keywords: Miniature Pigs; SLA; Microsatellite; Diversity; Haplotypes

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