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Anim Biosci > Volume 34(4); 2021 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Animal Bioscience 2021;34(4): 471-481.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.19.0826    Published online April 12, 2020.
Variance component analysis of growth and production traits in Vanaraja male line chickens using animal model
Rajkumar Ullengala1,*  , L. Leslie Leo Prince1  , Chandan Paswan1  , Santosh Haunshi1  , Rudranath Chatterjee1 
ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad 500030, Telangana, India
Correspondence:  Rajkumar Ullengala, Tel: +91-40-24015600, Fax: +91-40-24017002, Email: ullengala@yahoo.com
Received: 22 October 2019   • Revised: 19 December 2019   • Accepted: 26 March 2020
A comprehensive study was conducted to study the effects of partition of variance on accuracy of genetic parameters and genetic trends of economic traits in Vanaraja male line/project directorate-1 (PD-1) chicken.
Variance component analysis utilizing restricted maximum likelihood animal model was carried out with five generations data to delineate the population status, direct additive, maternal genetic, permanent environmental effects, besides genetic trends and performance of economic traits in PD-1 chickens. Genetic trend was estimated by regression of the estimated average breeding values (BV) on generations.
The body weight (BW) and shank length (SL) varied significantly (p≤0.01) among the generations, hatches and sexes. The least squares mean of SL at six weeks, the primary trait was 77.44±0.05 mm. All the production traits, viz., BWs, age at sexual maturity, egg production (EP) and egg weight were significantly influenced by generation. Model four with additive, maternal permanent environmental and residual effects was the best model for juvenile growth traits, except for zero-day BW. The heritability estimates for BW and SL at six weeks (SL6) were 0.20±0.03 and 0.17±0.03, respectively. The BV of SL6 in the population increased linearly from 0.03 to 3.62 mm due to selection. Genetic trend was significant (p≤0.05) for SL6, BW6, and production traits. The average genetic gain of EP40 for each generation was significant (p≤0.05) with an average increase of 0.38 eggs per generation. The average inbreeding coefficient was 0.02 in PD-1 line.
The population was in ideal condition with negligible inbreeding and the selection was quite effective with significant genetic gains in each generation for primary trait of selection. The animal model minimized the over-estimation of genetic parameters and improved the accuracy of the BV, thus enabling the breeder to select the suitable breeding strategy for genetic improvement.
Keywords: Animal Model; Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML); Variance; Genetic Parameters; Economic Traits

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