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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(4): 471-476.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.471    Published online January 24, 2007.
Two Maternal Lineages Revealed by Mitochondrial DNA D-loop Sequences in Chinese Native Water Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)
Chu-Zhao Lei, Wei Zhang, Hong Chen, Fan Lu, Qing-Lan Ge, Ruo-Yu Liu, Rui-Hua Dang, Yun-Yi Yao, Li-Bo Yao, Zi-Fan Lu*, Zhong-liang Zhao
Correspondence:  Zi-Fan Lu,
Little is known about the origin and genetic diversity of swamp buffaloes in China. To obtain more knowledge on genetics of the water buffalo in China, the complete mitochondrial D-loop sequences of 30 samples from 6 native types were investigated. The results revealed 12 mitochondrial haplotypes with 50 polymorphic sites. Among these polymorphic sites, there were 49 transitions and 1 transversion. The average nucleotide diversity and haplotype diversity estimated from mtDNA D-loop region in 6 Chinese water buffalo types were 0.00684 and 0.798, respectively, showing rather abundant mitochondrial genetic diversity. The Neighbor-Joining (NJ) tree of mtDNA of Chinese water buffaloes was constructed according to the 12 haplotypes. The NJ tree indicated two lineages being designated lineage A and lineage B, in which lineage A was predominant, and lineage B was at low frequency. The new lineage B was first discovered and defined in 6 Chinese water buffalo types. These results showed that two different maternal lineages were involved in the origin of domestic swamp buffaloes in China and the lineage B was probably an introgression from Southeast Asian buffaloes.
Keywords: Chinese Water Buffalo; Mitochondrial DNA D-loop; Diversity; Haplotype; Origin

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