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Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2007;20(1): 124-131.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.124    Published online November 27, 2006.
Endocrine Aspects of Oestrous Cycle in Buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis): An Overview
S. Mondal*, B. S. Prakash, P. Palta
Correspondence:  S. Mondal,
There is worldwide interest in buffalo as an animal for meeting the growing demands of meat, milk and work in the developing countries. One of the major constraints to full exploitation of the productive potential of buffalo has been its inherently low reproductive efficiency as reflected by late maturity, poor expression of oestrus, silent oestrus, irregular oestrous cyclicity, seasonality in breeding, anoestrus, low conception rate, long postpartum interval, repeat breeding etc. Ovarian cyclicity is regulated by endocrine and neuroendocrine mechanisms namely hypothalamic hormones, gonadotropins and ovarian steroids. Detailed endocrine investigations are suggested with special reference to the hypothalamo-hypophysial-ovarian axis to gain a better understanding of reproduction in buffalo and to modify it to derive the maximum benefit from this animal.
Keywords: Buffalo; Gonadotropins; Ovarian Steroids; Reproductive Efficiency

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