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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1997;10(6): 621-628.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1997.621    Published online December 1, 1997.
The impact of crossbred cows at farm level in mixed farmmng systems in Gujarat, India
B. R. Patil, H. M. J. Udo
This study aimed to quantify the impact of crossbreeding at farm level, in mixed farm systems in Gujarat. Households with crossbred cattle did not differ from households without crossbreds in terms of farm resources, crop gross margins and off-farm income. The use of crossbred animals did increase livestock gross margins by 64% and household income by 22%. The three agro-ecological zones included in this study differed considerably according to farm system and household income. However, in all three zones, households with crossbreds had higher livestock gross margins than households without crossbreds. There was no real difference in work load and labour division between households with and without crossbreds. There was also no difference in the use of bullocks for draught purposes between the two types of households. In particular buffaloes are being replaced by crossbred cattle. There was a large variation in farm income, largely because of land area. The milk offtake per average cow and the number of buffaloes also related positively to farm income in both types of households. Crossbreeding has proved technically and financially viable in different Gujarat mixed farming systems. It can be concluded that crossbreeding is an important development option for landless farmers.
Keywords: Cattle; Crossbreeding; Farming Systems; Economics; India

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