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Anim Biosci > Accepted Articles
https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.23.0482    [Accepted] Published online April 25, 2024.
Linking growth performance and carcass traits with enterotypes in Muscovy ducks
Qian Fan1,2  , Yini Xu1,2  , Yingping Xiao2  , Caimei Yang1  , Wentao Lyu2,*  , Hua Yang2,* 
1College of Animal Sciences & Technology, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou, 310058, China
2State Key Laboratory of Hazard Factors and Risk Prevention and Control of Agricultural Product Quality and Safety, Institute of Agro-product Safety and Nutrition, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science, Hangzhou, 310021, China
Correspondence:  Wentao Lyu, Tel: +86-18668193090, Fax: +86-18668193090, Email: lvwt@zaas.ac.cn
Hua Yang,Email: yanghua@zaas.ac.cn
Received: 11 November 2023   • Revised: 6 February 2024   • Accepted: 20 March 2024
Enterotypes (ETs) are the clustering of gut microbial community structures, which could serve as indicators of growth performance and carcass traits. However, ETs have been sparsely investigated in waterfowl. The objective of this study was to identify the ileal ETs and explore the correlation of the ETs with growth performance and carcass traits in Muscovy ducks.
A total of 200 Muscovy ducks were randomly selected from a population of 5,000 ducks at 70-day old, weighed and slaughtered. The growth performance and carcass traits, including body weight, dressed weight and evidenced weight, dressed percentage, percentage of apparent yield, breast muscle weight, leg muscle weight, percentage of leg muscle and percentage of breast muscle, were determined. The contents of ileum were collected for the isolation of DNA and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The ETs were identified based on the 16S rRNA gene sequencing data and the correlation of the ETs with growth performance and carcass traits was performed by Spearman correlation analysis.
Three ETs (ET1, ET2, and ET3) were observed in the ileal microbiota of Muscovy ducks with significant differences in number of features and α-diversity among these ETs (P < 0.05). Streptococcus, Candida Arthritis, and Bacteroidetes were the presentative genus in ET1 to ET3, respectively. Correlation analysis revealed that Lactococcus and Bradyrhizobium were significantly correlated with percentage of eviscerated yield and leg muscle weight (P < 0.05) while ETs were found to have a close association with percentage of eviscerated yield, leg muscle weight, and percentage of leg muscle in Muscovy ducks. However, the growth performance of ducks with different ETs did not show significant difference (P > 0.05). Lactococcus were found to be significantly correlated with leg muscle weight, dressed weight, and percentage of eviscerated yield.
Our findings revealed a substantial variation in carcass traits associated with enterotypes in Muscovy ducks. It is implied that ETs might have the potential to serve as a valuable biomarker for assessing duck carcass traits. It would provide novel insights into the interaction of gut microbiota with growth performance and carcass traits of ducks.
Keywords: Enterotype; Ileal Microbiota; Muscovy Duck; 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing

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