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https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.23.0402    [Accepted] Published online April 24, 2024.
DOT1L is critical for adult vessel maintenance and functions
HeeJi Lee1  , Dong Wook Han2  , Hyeonwoo La1  , Chanhyeok Park1  , Kiye Kang1  , Ohbeom Kwon1  , Sang Jun Uhm3  , Hyuk Song1  , Jeong Tae Do1  , Youngsok Choi1  , Kwonho Hong1,* 
1Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biotechnology, Institute of Advanced Regenerative Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
2Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Large Animal Models for Biomedicine, Wuyi University, Jiangmen 529020, China
3Department of Animal Science, Sangji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
Correspondence:  Kwonho Hong, Tel: 82-2-450-0560, Fax: +82-2-444-3490, Email: hongk@konkuk.ac.kr
Received: 6 October 2023   • Revised: 4 December 2023   • Accepted: 16 February 2024
DOT1L is the only known histone H3K79 methyltransferase essential for the development of the embryonic cardiovascular system, including the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels, through transcriptional regulation. Our previous study demonstrated that Dot1l deletion results in aberrant lymphatic development and function. However, its precise function in the postnatal cardiovascular system remains unknown.
Using conditional and inducible Dot1l knockout (KO) mice, along with a reporter strain carrying the Geo gene at the Dot1l locus, DOT1L expression and its function in the vascular system during postnatal life were investigated. To assess vessel morphology and vascular permeability, we administered Latex or Evans blue dye to KO mice. In addition, in vitro tube formation and cell migration assays were performed using DOT1L-depleted human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Changes in the expression of vascular genes in HUVECs were measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
Our findings demonstrate that conditional Dot1l knockout in the Tg (Tie2-cre) strain results in abnormal blood vessel formation and lymphatic anomalies in the intestine. In a mouse model of Rosa26-creER-mediated inducible Dot1l knockout, we observed vascular phenotypes, including increased vascular permeability and brain hemorrhage, when DOT1L was deleted in adulthood. Additionally, DOT1L depletion in cultured HUVECs led to impaired cell migration and tube formation, likely due to altered gene transcription. These findings highlight the essential role of DOT1L in maintaining vascular integrity and function during embryonic development and postnatal life.
Our study revealed that DOT1L is required for the maintenance of adult vascular function through the regulation of gene expression.
Keywords: Blood Endothelial Cell; DOT1L; Hemorrhage; Transcriptional Regulation
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