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https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.22.0183    [Accepted] Published online November 14, 2022.
Does supplement laying hen diets with a herb mixture mitigate the nega-tive impacts of excessive inclusion of extruded flaxseed?
Hossein Hosseini1  , Moha Esmaeili2,*  , Aref Sepehr3  , Mahyar Zare4  , Artur Rombenso5  , Raied Badierah6,7  , Elrashdy M. Redwan6,8 
1Department of Microbiology, Pathobiology & Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medi-cine, Razi University, Kermanshah, 6714967346, Iran
2Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, 7053, Australia
3School of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, 9187147578, Iran
4South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, In-stitute of Aquaculture and Protection of Waters, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, University of South Bohemia, České Budějovice, 38925, Czech Republic
5CSIRO, Agriculture and Food, Livestock & Aquaculture Program, Bribie Island Research Centre, Bribie Island, Queensland, 4507, Australia
6Biological Science Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
7Medical Laboratory, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
8Protein Research Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, City of Scientific Research and Technological Applications (SRTA-City), New Borg EL-Arab, Alexandria 21934, Egypt
Correspondence:  Moha Esmaeili, Tel: +61457858305, Email: moha.esmaeili@utas.edu.au
Received: 6 May 2022   • Revised: 5 July 2022   • Accepted: 21 September 2022
Abstract
Objective
This study investigated the effects of extruded flaxseed with and without herbs mixture on egg performance, yolk fatty acids (FAs), lipid components, blood biochemistry, serological enzymes, antioxidants and immune system of Hy-Line W-36 hens for nine weeks.
Methods
Two hundred forty laying hens were randomly distributed to eight treatments, resulting in six replicates with five hens. Graded levels of dietary extruded flaxseed (0, 90, 180, and 270 g/kg) with and without herbs mixture (24 g/kg: garlic, ginger, green tea, and turmeric 6 g /kg each) were designed as treatments.
Results
The two-way ANOVA indicated that hens fed herbs mixture had a higher value of egg production, yolk high-density lipoprotein, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and white blood cell and lower contents of yolk cholesterol, glucose, and blood low-density lipopro-tein than those fed diets without herb mixtures (p<0.05). The Flx27 (270 g/kg flaxseed) (153.5 g/kg n-3 FAs) and Flx27+H (270 g/kg flaxseed plus 24 g/kg herbs mixture) (150.5 g/kg n-3 FAs) groups were the most promising treatments in terms of yolk n-3 FAs content. Interaction effect (herbs- flaxseed) for blood cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), malondialdehyde, glutaredoxin, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), haemoglobin and immune parameters was significant (p<0.05). The results showed layers fed herbs mixture (Flx9+H, Flx18+H, and Flx27+H) had a better value of total antibody, immunoglobulin M, immunoglobulin G, ALT, AST, and blood HDL as compared with representative flaxseed levels without herbs.
Conclusion
High inclusion levels of extruded flaxseed (270 g/kg) without herbs to enrich eggs with n-3 appears to impair the antioxidant system, immunohematological parameters, and sero-logical enzymes. Interestingly, the herbs mixture supplementation corrected those effects. Therefore, feeding layers with flaxseed-rich diets (270 g/kg) and herbs mixture can be a promising strategy to enrich eggs with n-3 FAs.
Keywords: Cholesterol Level; Egg Enrichment; Flaxseed; Herbal Medicine; Lipid-Lowering Effect
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