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Anim Biosci > Volume 35(8); 2022 > Article
Animal Breeding and Genetics
Animal Bioscience 2022;35(8): 1151-1161.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.21.0182    Published online January 5, 2022.
Association between age at first calving, first lactation traits and lifetime productivity in Murrah buffaloes
P. Tamboli1,*  , A. Bharadwaj2  , A. Chaurasiya3  , Y. C. Bangar4  , A. Jerome2,* 
1Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, U.P. 284003, India
2Central Institute for Research on Buffalo, Hisar, Haryana 125001, India
3Department of Animal Nutrition, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Jabalpur, M.P. 482001, India
4Animal Genetics and Breeding, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125004, India
Correspondence:  P. Tamboli, Tel: + 91-7206579853, Fax: +91-7206579853, Email: tamboli.pooja307@gmail.com
A. Jerome, Tel: +91-8053954239, Email: jerome210982@gmail.com
Received: 17 April 2021   • Revised: 2 September 2021   • Accepted: 22 December 2021
Abstract
Objective
This study was conducted to estimate the association of age at first calving (AFC) with first lactation traits as well as lifetime performance traits in Murrah buffaloes.
Methods
Data on first lactation and life time performance of Murrah buffaloes (n = 679), maintained at Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Hisar, India during the period 1983 through 2017, were deduced to calculate heritability estimates, genetic and phenotypic correlation of different first lactation and lifetime traits. The univariate animal model was fitted to estimate variance components and heritability separately for each trait, while bivariate animal models were set to estimate genetic and phenotypic correlations between traits under study.
Results
The heritability was high for first peak milk yield (FPY, 0.64±0.08), moderate for AFC (0.48±0.07) and breeding efficiency (BE 0.39±0.09). High genetic correlations of first lactation total milk yield (FLTMY) with first lactation standard milk yield (FLSMY, 305 days or less), FPY, and first lactation length (FLL) was seen. Likewise, genetic correlation of AFC was positive with FLTMY, FLL, first dry period (FDP), first service period (FSP), first calving interval (FCI), herd life (HL) and productive days (PD). Significant phenotypic correlation of FLTMY was observed with HL, productive life (PL), PD, total lifetime milk yield (LTMY), standard lifetime milk yield (standard LTMY). Moreover, positive genetic and phenotypic correlation of FPY was observed with HL, PL, PD, total LTMY and standard LTMY.

Conclusion

This study reports that AFC had positive genetic correlation with FDP, FSP, FCI, and unproductive days while, negative association of AFC was observed with FLSMY, PL, total LTMY, standard LTMY, and BE. This suggests that reduction of AFC would results in improvement of lifetime performance traits.
Keywords: Association; Buffalo; Genetic; Heritability; Murrah; Phenotypic


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