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Anim Biosci > Volume 34(4); 2021 > Article
Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Animal Bioscience 2021;34(4): 539-545.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0198    Published online June 24, 2020.
Nutritional condition in the dry period is related to the incidence of postpartum subclinical endometritis in dairy cattle
Asako Taniguchi1  , Tatsuya Nishikawa1  , Yasuhiro Morita2,3,* 
1Okayama Prefectural Federation Agricultural Mutual Aid Association, Okayama 700-8602, Japan
2Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
3Asian Satellite Campuses Institute, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
Correspondence:  Yasuhiro Morita, Tel: +81-561-37-0202, Fax: +81-561-38-4473, Email: ymorita@agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp
Received: 31 March 2020   • Revised: 13 May 2020   • Accepted: 20 June 2020
Endometritis is a major disease, that causes infertility in cattle, and is usually categorized as clinical or subclinical endometritis (SCE). The nutritional condition during the dry period is important for recovery after the last stage of the lactation period, and for postpartum production and reproduction. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between nutritional and metabolic characteristics in the dry period, and the risk of postpartum SCE.
Multiparous Holstein dairy cows (n = 25, raised in a tied stall) were used. Endometrial cytological analysis was performed around 30 days post-partum, with 5% to 14% polymorphonuclear (PMN) as a cut-off point to define SCE. Serum levels of glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), blood urea nitrogen, total cholesterol, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium were measured in the cows at the dry period to evaluate energy status, protein metabolism, and mineral metabolism.
The incidence of SCE in the cows was 60.0% (n = 15/25) and the mean PMN% in postpartum cows diagnosed as SCE was 8.05%±2.6%. Overall, 17 and 8 samples were collected from the cows in the far-off and close-up periods, respectively. The serum concentration of BHBA in the far-off period and serum glucose concentration in the closeup period were correlated with postpartum PMN% (r = 0.62, p<0.01; r = –0.74, p<0.05, respectively). Serum levels of calcium and magnesium in the dry period were associated with the incidence of postpartum SCE (healthy vs SCE cows, p<0.05).
Blood levels of glucose, BHBA, calcium, and magnesium in dry periods could be useful parameters for predicting the risk of postpartum SCE. The present study also suggests that management in the close-up period is essential for promoting recovery from calving fatigue.
Keywords: Dairy Cattle; Dry Period; Metabolic Parameter; Nutrition; Subclinical Endometritis

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