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Anim Biosci > Volume 34(4); 2021 > Article
Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Animal Bioscience 2021;34(4): 575-583.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0018    Published online June 24, 2020.
Metabolic profile according to the parity and stage of lactation of high-performance Holstein-Friesian cows
Beata Kuczyńska1,a,*  , Kamila Puppel1  , Marcin Gołębiewski1,a  , Konrad Wisniewski1  , Tomasz Przysucha1,* 
Department of Animal Breeding, Institute of Animal Science, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego 8, PL-02-786 Warsaw, Poland
Correspondence:  Beata Kuczyńska, Tel: +48-22-5936527, Fax: +48-22-5936538, Email: beata_kuczynska@sggw.edu.pl
Tomasz Przysucha, Tel: +48-22-5936536, Fax: +48-22-5936538, Email: tomasz_przysucha@sggw.edu.pl
Received: 13 January 2020   • Revised: 23 March 2020   • Accepted: 19 June 2020
aThese authors contributed equally to this work.
Abstract
Objective
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of parity and the stage of lactation on the metabolic profile of cows based on the basic chemical milk components and the blood parameters.
Methods
The study material consisted of high-yielding Holstein-Friesian cows. In total, 473 cows were examined. According to the parity, cows were divided into four groups: primiparous (P), and multiparous in the second (M2), in the third (M3), and in subsequent lactations (M4). The feeding of cows was based on total mixed ration (TMR) ad libitum. Milk and blood samples were collected individually from each cow three times per standard lactation period.
Results
Greater exacerbation of changes in the dynamics of the blood plasma parameters examined was proved for multiparous cows. The highest value of β-hydroxybutyrate acid (0.946 mmol/L) was found for multiparous cows from group M3 at the beginning of lactation. However, it was still in the normal range. The results showed aspartate aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) activities in dairy cows during lactation had significant variations taking in to account stage of lactation. The highest activity of GGT was found in the group of the oldest cows and measured from 26.36 U/L at the beginning of lactation to 48.75 U/L at the end of the lactation period.
Conclusion
The time-related changes in the concentrations of the biochemical parameters described differ markedly among lactating cows, though the housing conditions on the research dairy farm are highly standardised. This indicates that the ability to cope with metabolic stress is mainly affected by the individual predispositions of cows and feed nutrient supply in different stage of lactation. Especially, the feed nutrient supply (in net energy for lactation), which was the best in TMR 1 in comparison TMR 3.
Keywords: Cows; Lactation; Nonesterified Fatty Acid; β-Hydroxybutyrate Acid; Liver Failure


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