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Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(5): 715-722.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.715    Published online August 1, 1999.
Effect of Graded Levels of Mustard Oil Cake Supplementation on Intake, Nutrient Digestibility, Microbial N Yield of Adult Cannulated Native (Bos Indicus) Bulls Fed Rice Straw
S. A. Chowdhury
On a urea-molasses-straw (3:15:82, UMS) based diet, effect of graded levels of mustard oil cake (MOC) supplementation on the performances of native bulls has been studied. Four cannulated adult Bos indicus bulls of 415 (±44.6) kg live weight and 80 months old, were given daily either of 0, 200, 400 or 800 g of MOC in four periods in a 4X4 latin square design. Besides, each animal also received 200 g of each of molasses and wheat bran and a mineral mixture. For unit (1 g) increase in MOC intake, total DM intake increased by 0.8 g/d (r2=0.88) but no change in the straw DM intake. With the increasing levels of MOC, crude protein (CP) digestibility increased exponentially with an asymptotic value of 72%. However, MOC level had no effect on the digestibilities of DM, OM and ADF. Similarly, rumen degradability of rice straw was also not affected by the level of dietary MOC, and mean straw DM degradabilities were 15, 21. 28, 37, 47 and 51% at 8, 16, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours of incubation respectively. Microbial N yield per kg digestible organic matter apparently fermented in the rumen were 7.46, 8.77, 6.88 and 5.96 g respectively for 0, 200, 400 or 800 g of dietary MOC. For each gram increase in dietary MOC, N intake and N balance increased by 0.054 g/d (r2=0.998) and 0.59 mg N/kg W°75/d (r2=0.99) respectively. Nitrogen balance was estimated to be attained at the N intakes of 246 mg N/kg W°75/d. Thus, on a UMS-based diet supplementation of MOC up to 800 g (10% of total intake) of the dietary intake had little or no effect on intake, digestibility, rumen parameters, and microbial N yield but slightly increased the N balance. However marginal response to MOC supplementation is probably due to the high degradability of MOC protein in the rumen. Thus, any substantial positive response of MOC supplementation on a UMS-based diet can probably be achieved by reducing its protein degradability in the rumen.
Keywords: Urea, Molasses, Straw, Mustard Oil Cake, Native Bulls, Degradability

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