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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2010;23(7): 873-879.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.90537    Published online June 21, 2010.
The Effect of Various Concentrations of Taurine during In vitro Fertilization on the Development of Bovine Embryos Fertilized with Spermatozoa from Three Different Bulls
Yasuhiro Tsuzuki, Hitomi Toyama, Hisashi Nabenishi, Tetsuo Morita, Koji Ashizawa
We investigated the effect of various concentrations of taurine during in vitro fertilization (IVF) on the embryonic development up to the blastocyst stage of bovine oocytes fertilized with three different Japanese Black bulls (Bull A, B and C). In vitro matured oocytes were fertilized with various concentrations of taurine (0, 1, 10, 50 and 100 mM) in the presence of 2.5 or 5.0 mM caffeine plus 25 g/ml heparin (CH) for 6 hr or 100 g/ml heparin (H) for 242 h. After IVF, the cleavage rates from the 2 to 16 cell stage determined at 3 days and the development rates up to the blastocyst stage determined at 7-8 days from the onset of IVF were assessed. Although the cleavage rates for the taurine concentration groups were not significantly increased in any of the three bulls in the CH groups, the development rates up to the blastocyst stage of the 50 mM taurine group of Bulls A and B, and of the 1 to 50 mM groups of Bull C were increased (p<0.05) compared to those of the control (0 mM taurine) groups. On the other hand, none of the bulls in the H groups showed any significant increase either in the cleavage rates or blastocyst formation rates in any taurine concentrations groups compared with those of the control groups. These results indicate that the addition of 50 mM taurine to a fertilization medium containing caffeine and heparin may stimulate embryonic development up to the blastocyst stage when fertilized with different bull semen.
Keywords: Taurine; In vitro Fertilization; Embryonic Development; Bull Variation

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