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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(9): 1225-1228.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.1225    Published online August 2, 2006.
Animal Model Versus Conventional Methods of Sire Evaluation in Sahiwal Cattle
S. Banik, R. S. Gandhi*
Correspondence:  R. S. Gandhi,
A total of 1,367 first lactation records of daughters of 81 sires, having 5 or more progeny were used to evaluate sires by 3 different methods viz., least squares (LS), best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) and derivative free restricted maximum likelihood (DFREML) method. The highest and lowest overall average breeding value of sires for first lactation 305 days or less milk yield was obtained by BLUP (1,520.72 kg) and LS method (1,502.22 kg), respectively. The accuracy, efficiency and stability of different sire evaluation methods were compared to judge their effectiveness. The error variance of DFREML method was lowest (191,112 kg2) and its coefficient of determination of fitting the model was highest (33.39%) revealing that this method of sire evaluation was most efficient and accurate as compared to other methods. However, the BLUP method was most stable amongst all the methods having coefficient of variation (%) very near to unadjusted data (18.72% versus 19.89%). The higher rank correlations (0.7979 to 0.9568) between different sire evaluation methods indicated that there was higher degree of similarity of ranking sires by different methods ranging from about 80 to 96 percent. However, the DFREML method seemed to be the most effective sire evaluation method as compared to other methods for the present set of data.
Keywords: Animal Model; BLUP; Milk Yield; Sahiwal Cattle; Sire Evaluation

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