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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(9): 1183-1187.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1183    Published online January 1, 2004.
Genetic Variations Analysis and Characterization of the Fifth Intron of Porcine NRAMP1 Gene
X. M. Yan, J. Ren, H. S. Ai, N. S. Ding, J. Gao, Y. M. Guo, C. Y. Chen, J. W. Ma, Q. L. Shu, L. S. Huang
The natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (NRAMP1) gene was identified as a candidate gene controlling the resistance and susceptibility to a number of intracellular parasites in pigs. The genetic variations in a 1.6 kb region spanning exon 1 and exon 3 of the porcine NRAMP1 gene were investigated by PCR-HinfI-RFLP in samples of 1347 individuals from 21 Chinese indigenous pig populations and 3 western pig breeds. Three alleles (A, B, C) and four genotypes (AA, BB, AB, BC) were detected. Significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies were observed between Chinese indigenous pig populations and exotic pig breeds, while in general the differences in genotype and allele frequencies among Chinese indigenous pig populations were not significant. The allele C was detected only in Duroc, Leping Spotted and Dongxiang Spotted pig, and the two Chinese pig populations showed similar genotype and allele frequencies. Four Chinese Tibetan pig populations displayed genetic differentiation at the NRAMP1 gene locus. In addition, intron 5 of the NRAMP1 gene was isolated and characterized by directly sequencing the PCR products encompassing intron 5. The alignment of intron 5 of the porcine, human, equine and ovine NRAMP1 gene showed a similarity of 45.38% between pig and human, 52.55% between pig and horse, 63.47% between pig and sheep, respectively.
Keywords: Pig; NRAMP1 Gene; Genetic Variation; Intron 5

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