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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2003;16(6): 794-799.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.794    Published online January 1, 2003.
Heterosis and Percent Improvement in Survivability, Reproduction and Production Performance of Various Genetic Groups of Temperate x Zebu Crosses in Tropics
Kuldeep Singh, A. S. Khanna, M. L. Sangwan
A study was conducted on 2102 records of 808 crossbred cows of various genetic groups maintained under ''''All India Coordinated Research Project on Cattle'''' at C C S Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, over 25 years period (1968-1993) with an objective to assess and compare the amount of percent improvement and heterotic effect for different performance traits in various genetic groups produced under this programme. Survivability sharply and significantly declined from 1/2 to 3/4th bred and further from 3/4th to inter-se bred. This may be due to periodic and management differences in addition to the higher level of exotic inheritance and decreased heterotic effect over the filial generations. Jersey and Holstein Friesian crosses among 1/2 breds and their 50% inheritance among 3/4th and inter-se breds had highest improvement and heterosis in reproduction and production traits respectively. Among inter se bred genetic groups, BFH (I) had no recombination loss in SP and CI, while FJH (I), JFH (I) and FBH (I) had on recombination loss in AFC, LY, LL and PE. The crossbreeding of zebu cows with exotic breeds brings about spectacular improvement in comparison to the performance of zebu breed, while conventional selection over several generation would lead to only modest improvement. In addition to additive effect, there was sufficient heterosis in Jersey crosses for reproduction and Holstein Friesian crosses for production performance. Three breed crosses with exotic inheritance between 50 and 75 percent incorporating genes (25 to 50%) from both of these breeds is the best combination for stabilization.
Keywords: Heterosis; Recombination Loss; Percent Improvement; Survivability; Reproduction; Production

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