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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(12): 1678-1682.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.1678    Published online December 1, 2001.
Effect of Freezing on Proteins and Protein Profiles of Sperm Membrane Extracts and Seminal Plasma of Buffalo Bulls
C. K. Dhanju, R. S Cheema, S. P. Kaur
The total proteins were estimated in both deoxycholate (DOC)-extract of sperm membrane and seminal plasma of chilled as well as frozen semen obtained from five Murrah buffalo bulls. Proteins were further characterized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) in three bulls. The protein content of sperm membrane extract (SME) and that of seminal plasma (SP) decreased gradually with increase in freezing period from 6 to 24 mo when compared with the values observed in freshly chilled semen in all bulls. The total decrease in protein content of SME and SP varied from 30-40% and 28-59% respectively during 6-24 mo of freezing. The number of glycoproteins/proteins (GP/P) in SME varied from 4-8 in freshly-chilled semen of all bulls and reduced to 2-4 after 24 mo of freezing. In SP, the number of proteins varied from 6-10 in freshly chilled semen of all bulls and reduced to 3-8 after 24 mo of freezing. Some of the proteins in SME and SP disappeared, others got altered and appeared with change in molecular weight after different freezing times. These studies reveal that alterations in the sperm membrane proteins may be responsible for damage to their membrane during freezing and thus lowering their fertilizability.
Keywords: Buffalo; Semen; Freezing; Spermatozoa; Proteins

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