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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(6): 862-867.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.862    Published online September 1, 1999.
Embryo Survival on Day 25 of Generation in the Gilt is Not Affected by Exogenous Progesterone but is Correlated with Levels of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I (IGF-I) mRNA in the Uterus
Z. Yu, J. R. Gordon, R. N. Kirkwood, P. A. Thacker
The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of administration of exogenous progesterone early in gestation on uterine levels of IGF-I mRNA and on embryo survival at day 25 of gestation in the pig. Forty-one prepubertal gilts were induced into oestrus with PG600 and artificially inseminated at their subsequent naturally occurring oestrus. Gilts were then randomly assigned to one of three groups. Gilts in the two treatment groups were injected intramuscularly with 50 mg of progesterone either from day 2 to 14 (N=14) or from day 4 to 14 (N=15) after breeding while those in the control group (N=12) were given corn oil (0.5 ml) from day 2 to 14. Between days 25 and 28 of gestation, gilts were slaughtered and reproductive tracts were recovered. Endometrial tissue (1 g) was collected and analysed for IGF-I mRNA levels using a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Progesterone treatment, starting either on day 2 or 4 after breeding, neither significantly increased embryo survival rate by day 25 of gestation nor altered IGF-I mRNA levels in uterine tissue. However, across all samples, the IGF-I mRNA level in the uterus was highly correlated with embryo survival rate (r=0.8193, p < 0.01), supporting the involvement of IGF-I in the regulation of porcine embryo development.
Keywords: Progesterone; Gilt; Embryo; Survival; IGF-I
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