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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1995;8(1): 51-58.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1995.51    Published online February 1, 1995.
Endocrine changes and circulating insulin-like growth factors in newborn calves fed colostrium, milk or milk replacer
C. Y. Lee, H. H. Head, C. R. Feistein, J. Hayen, F. A. Simmen
To examine whether colostral growth factors are Transferred to the general circulation, concentrations of plasma cortisol, insulin, prolactin, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factors(IGFs) - I and - II, TGF-binding proteins(IGFBPs) and total protein were measured in newborn calves fed colostrums, milk of milk replacer before and after feeding at 12 h intervals during the first two days after birth. Plasma protein concentrations increased with time after than in milk- or milk replacer-fed calves. Plasma cortisol levels transiently declined after each feeding regardless of the type of diet, while insulin levels tended to increase. Mean concentrations of these hormones did not differ between dietary groups, nor did they change with time after birth. Plasma concentrations of prolactin and growth hormone did not differ between dietary groups and also did not change with time after birth or after feeding. Concentrations of IGF-I and IGF-II transiently increased at the second feeding period, but these, as well as plasma IGFBP profiles, were not different between groups or before and after feeding. Results did not indicate significant transfer of colostral growth factors across the newborn ruminant small intestine.
Keywords: Colostrum; Insulin-like Growth Factors; Hormones; Calf; Gastrointestinal Tract

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