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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1993;6(1): 91-97.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1993.91    Published online March 1, 1993.
Effects of varying dietary levels of total digestible nutrients, protein and fiber on the growth of crossbred Holstein Heifers fed urea-treated rice straw diets under two feeding systems
S. Promma, S. Tuikumpee, P. Jeenklum, T. Indratula
This experiment was carried out to examine the effects of urea-treated rice straw feeding on the growth performance of crossbred Holstein heifers under different feeding conditions. In the first experiment, the animals were given diets having 2 levels of TDN and CP and 3 levels of crude fiber (22, 30 and 36%) which were formulated with urea-treated rice straw and concentrates. Daily weight gain of heifers was not different between 22% and 30% CF diets, but the reduction of TDN or CP level to 90% of the requirements decreased the weight gain. Fiber content of 36% also reduced the body weight gain. The reduction of TDN significantly reduced DM intake and increased feed conversion ratio. Feed cost per kg weight gain was significantly increased by an increase in CF to 36%. In the second experiment, separate feeding and total mixing feeding were compared. There were no significant differences between the two feeding systems in body weight gain although the possibility of superiority in SF to TMF remained. DM intake was not affected by the feeding system, but 30% CF diet gave higher DM intake. Feed cost per kg weight gain was lower in the 30% CF diet.
Keywords: Digestibility; Fiber Level; Urea-treated Rice Straw; Growth Performance; Crossbred Holstein Heifer
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