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Anim Biosci > Accepted Articles
https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.22.0041    [Accepted] Published online September 2, 2022.
Effect of Cichorium intybus on production performance, carcass quality and blood lipid profile of hybrid duck
Nafiatul Umami1,*  , Eka Rizky Vury Rahayu1  , Bambang Suhartanto1  , Ali Agus1  , Edi Suryanto1  , Mohammad Mijanur Rahman2 
1Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jalan Fauna No. 3, Karang Gayam, Caturtunggal, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
2Faculty of Agro Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelatan, 17600 Jeli, Kelatan, Malaysia
Correspondence:  Nafiatul Umami, Tel: +62-878-3937-5048, Fax: +62-274-521578, Email: nafiatul.umami@ugm.ac.id
Received: 26 January 2022   • Revised: 15 April 2022   • Accepted: 26 July 2022
Abstract
Objective
One hundred hybrid male ducks (Mojosari×Alabio) were used to examine the efficacy of chicory supplementation as nutritional feed manipulation on production performance, and blood lipid profile of hybrid ducks.
Methods
The ducks were tagged, weighed, and then allotted randomly to one of the four treatment diets using a completely randomized design. The experimental diets were: 1) P0 (100% basal diets + 0% chicory as control), 2) P1 (95% basal diets + 5% chicory), 3) P2 (90% basal diets + 10% chicory) and 4) P3 (85% basal diets + 15% chicory). For each treatment group, there were 5 replicates of 5 birds each. All experimental diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric using locally available ingredients.
Results
Hybrid ducks with fed diets supplemented fresh chicory (5, 10, and 15%) showed increased feed intake and body weight gain, as well as feed conversion ratio to be smaller than those ducks fed diets without chicory supplementation (control). The ducks fed 10% chicory supplementation contained significantly (p<0.05) lower ash and higher organic matter contents of meat than those ducks fed other diets. The ducks fed 15% chicory supplementation showed the lowest crude protein and cholesterol content of meat among the treatment diets. Ducks fed chicory supplementation showed lower (p<0.05) blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those ducks fed without chicory supplementation, while dietary interventions had no major (p>0.05) influence on low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein levels in duck blood.
Conclusion
In this study, 10% chicory supplementation showed the best results characterized by an increase in growth performance, carcass quality, small intestinal histomorphology, and lower cholesterol levels of meat.
Keywords: Carcass Quality; Cichorium intybus; Histomorphology; Hybrid Ducks; Lipid Profile; Performance


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