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Anim Biosci > Accepted Articles
https://doi.org/10.5713/ab.21.0309    [Accepted] Published online October 29, 2021.
Indigenous chicken production in Fiji Islands: Knowledge, constraints and opportunities
Titus Jairus Zindove1,*  , Archibold Garikayi Bakare1  , Paul Ade Iji1 
Department of Animal Science, School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Fiji National University, P.O Box 7222, Nasinu, Fiji
Correspondence:  Titus Jairus Zindove, Tel: 006793479200, Fax: 006793400275, Email: zindovetj@gmail.com
Received: 8 July 2021   • Revised: 30 August 2021   • Accepted: 23 September 2021
Abstract
Objective
The objective of the study was to understand and document socio-economic characteristics, production parameters, challenges and management practices used by Fijian households which keep indigenous chickens.
Methods
A survey involving 200 households was carried out in coastal and inland communities of Fiji’s wet and semi-dry ecoregions. Data on the influence of ecoregion and location of households relative to the sea on management practices, challenges and productivity of indigenous chickens were analyzed using logistic regression and general linear model of SAS software.
Results
Irrespective of location relative to the sea and ecoregion, households indicated that they kept indigenous chickens for food and income generation. The Welsummer was the most( P > 0.05) preferred breed. Households in the semi-dry inland communities had the largest (P < 0.05) flocks compared to those in semi-dry coastal communities and the wet region. Chickens in the semi-dry region performed better (P < 0.05) than those in the wet region in terms of number of clutches per year and mature live weight. Predators and feed shortages were the biggest challenges faced by households in all areas. The mongoose was ranked as the most (P > 0.05) common predator followed by domestic dogs. Most households in the wet ecoregion’s coastal communities housed their chickens at night, whereas communities in semi-dry ecoregion housed their chickens most of the time (P < 0.05). In all regions, no households sold their chickens to commercial markets (P > 0.05). Households in semi-dry ecoregion were more likely (P > 0.05) to sell their chickens at the local market place.

Conclusion

The productivity of local chickens in Fiji is low because of feed shortage, predators such as the mongoose and lack of market linkages.
Keywords: Constraints; Flock; Indigenous Chickens; Markets; Productivity


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