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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.20.0499    [Accepted] Published online October 19, 2020.
Evaluation of lipid profile, antioxidant and immunity statuses of rabbits fed Moringa oleifera leaves
Mosaab Ibrahim Salem1  , Azza El-Sebai1  , Samar Ali Elnagar1  , Ahmed Mohamed Abd El-hady1,* 
Department of Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21545, Egypt
Correspondence:  Ahmed Mohamed Abd El-hady, Tel: +201005731358, Email: ahmed75atta@yahoo.com
Received: 17 July 2020   • Revised: 21 August 2020   • Accepted: 18 October 2020
Abstract
Objective
The present study aimed to investigate the effect of Moringa oleifera leaves (MOL) on blood hematology, lipid profile and immunity status of growing rabbits.
Methods
A total of 120, unsexed Alexandria line weaned rabbits, at 4 weeks of age were randomly divided into four groups (30 rabbits each). The first group was fed the control diet and the other groups (2-4) were fed the basal diet supplemented with 10, 20 or 30% MOL for 5 weeks of experimental period.
Results
Data revealed that dietary supplementation with 20% MOL recorded the significantly highest live body weight and increased hemoglobin and packed cell volume at 9 weeks of age compared to other groups. Increasing Moringa levels resulted in a significant increase in white blood cells, lymphocytes, globulin and high density lipoprotein, total antioxidant capacity, Immunoglobulin G and M levels compared to control, but, total lipids, cholesterol, malondialdehyde and liver glycogen values decreased significantly. With 20% MOL thymus histology showed an outer cortex of small lymphocytes, heavily- stained densely- packed lymphocytes surrounding the inner marrow clear pale medulla in contrast with other groups.
Conclusion
It can be concluded that 20% Moringa leaves may exert beneficial effects on lipid, antioxidant and immune status properties of growing rabbits.
Keywords: Antioxidant; Immunity; Lipid; Moringa; Rabbits


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