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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2011;24(4): 463-470.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.10331    Published online February 23, 2011.
Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of the GnRHR Gene Associated with Reproductive Traits of Japanese Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
Feng He, Hai-Shen Wen, Ji-Fang Li, Da-Hui Yu, Rui-Qin Ma, Dan Shi, Wei-Jie Mu, Yuan-Qing Zhang, Jian Hu, Miao Liu, Wei-Guo Han, Jia-Nan Zhang, Qing-Qing Wang, Yu-Ren Yuan, Qun Liu
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) gene is expressed at the anterior pituitary gland and plays a key role in gonad development. This study aimed to investigate molecular genetic characteristics of the GnRHR gene and elucidate the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of GnRHR gene on sex steroid level in Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). We used polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and sequencing of the GnRHR gene in 75 individuals. We identified three SNPs in the GnRHR gene: P1 locus (C759A and C830T) in the coding region of exon2 which were both linked together and P2 locus (G984T) in the coding region of exon3, which added a new transcript factor (ADR1) and a new methylation site (CG). Only C830T of P1 leads to amino acid changes Thr266Ile. Statistical analysis showed that P1 was significantly associated with 17-estradiol (E2) level (p<0.01) and gonadosomatic index (GSI) (p<0.05). Individuals with genotype BB of P1 had significantly higher serum E2 levels (p<0.01) and GSI (p<0.05) than those of genotype AA or AB. Another SNP, P2, synonymous mutation, was significantly associated with GSI (p<0.05). Individuals with genotype AB of P2 had significantly higher GSI (p<0.05) than that of genotype AA. In addition, there was a significant association between one diplotype based on three SNPs and reproductive traits. The genetic effects for both serum E2 level and GSI of diplotype D4 were super diplotypes (p<0.05). These results suggest that the SNPs in Japanese Flounder GnRHR are associated with E2 level and GSI.
Keywords: Japanese Flounder; GnRHR; SNPs; Diplotype; Reproductive Traits

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