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Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2011;24(1): 130-136.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2011.r.02    Published online December 21, 2010.
Control of Methane Emission in Ruminants and Industrial Application of Biogas from Livestock Manure in Korea
Man K. Song, Xiang Z. Li, Young K. Oh, Chang-kyu Lee, Y. Hyun
Methane is known to be one of the major greenhouse gases. On a global scale, livestock farming may contribute 18% of total greenhouse gas emissions. Though methane contribution is less than 2% of all the factors leading to global warming, it plays an important role because it is 21 times more effective than carbon dioxide. Methane emission is a direct result of the fermentation process performed by ruminal microorganisms and, in particular, the archael methanogens. Reducing methane emission would benefit both ruminant production and the environment. Methane generation can be reduced by electron-sink metabolic pathways to dispose of the reducing moieties. An alternative way for methane control in the rumen is to apply inhibitors against methanogens. Generating methane from manure has considerable merit because it appears to offer at least a partial solution to two pressing problems-environmental crisis and energy shortage. An obvious benefit from methane production is the energy value of the gas itself. Control of methane emission by rumen microbes in Korea has mainly been focused on application of various chemicals, such as BES and PMDI, that inhibit the growth and activity of methanogens in the rumen. Alternatives were to apply long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and oils with or without organic acids (malate and fumarate). The results for trials with methane reducing agents and the situation of biogas production industries and a typical biogas plant in Korea will be introduced here.
Keywords: Methane; Methanogens; Ruminants; Biogas; Livestock Manure
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