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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2009;22(6): 765-773.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2009.80573    Published online April 30, 2009.
DNA Polymorphisms in SREBF1 and FASN Genes Affect Fatty Acid Composition in Korean Cattle (Hanwoo)
M. S. A. Bhuiyan, S. L. Yu, J. T. Jeon, D. Yoon, Y. M. Cho, E. W. Park, N. K. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Lee*
Correspondence:  J. H. Lee,
Sterol regulatory element binding factor 1 (SREBF1) and fatty acid synthase (FASN) genes play an important role in the biosynthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol, and in lipid metabolism. This study used polymorphisms in the intron 5 of bovine SREBF1 and in the thioesterase (TE) domain of FASN genes to evaluate their associations with beef fatty acid composition. A previously identified 84-bp indel (L: insertion/long type and S: deletion/short type) of the SREBF1 gene in Korean cattle had significant associations with the concentration of stearic (C18:0), linoleic (C18:2) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The stearic acid concentration was 6.30% lower in the SS than the LL genotype (p<0.05), but the linoleic and PUFA contents were 11.06% and 12.20% higher in SS compared to LL (p<0.05). Based on the sequence analysis, five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) g.17924G>A, g.18043C>T, g.18440G>A, g.18529G>A and g.18663C>T in the TE domain of the FASN gene were identified among the different cattle breeds studied. Among these, only g.17924 G>A and g.18663C>T SNPs were segregating in the Hanwoo population. The g.17924G>A SNP is a non-synonymous mutation (thr2264ala) and was significantly associated with the contents of palmitic (C16:0) and oleic acid (C18:1). The oleic acid concentration was 3.18% and 2.79% higher in Hanwoo with the GG genotype than the AA and AG genotypes, respectively (p<0.05), whereas the GG genotype had 3.8% and 4.01% lower palmitic acid than in those cattle with genotype AA and AG, respectively (p<0.05). Tissue expression data showed that SREBFI and FASN genes were expressed in a variety of tissues though they were expressed preferentially in different muscle tissues. In conclusion, the 84-bp indel of SREBF1 and g.17924G>A SNP of the FASN gene can be used as DNA markers to select Hanwoo breeding stock for fatty acid composition.
Keywords: SREBF1; FASN; Fatty Acid; Polymorphism; Gene Expression; Hanwoo

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