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Swine Nutrition and Feed Technology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(7): 1047-1053.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.1047    Published online May 25, 2006.
Effects of Dietary Algal Docosahexaenoic Acid Oil Supplementation on Fatty Acid Deposition and Gene Expression in Laying Tsaiya Ducks*
C. H. Cheng, B. R. Ou, T. F. Shen, S. T. Ding*
Correspondence:  S. T. Ding,
The current study was designed to determine the effects of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on fatty acid deposition in egg yolk and various tissues of laying Tsaiya ducks, and on the mRNA concentrations of hepatic lipogenesis-related transcription factors. Thirty laying ducks were randomly assigned to three treatments with diets based on corn-soybean meal (ME: 2803 kcal/kg; CP: 17.1%; Ca: 3.4%) supplemented with 0% (control diet), 0.5% or 2% algal DHA oil. The DHA content in egg yolks of the ducks was elevated significantly (p<0.01) with the supplementation of dietary DHA. The DHA percentage of the total fatty acids in the egg yolk of laying ducks was 0.5%, 1.3% and 3.4% for 0%, 0.5% and 2% algal DHA oil treatments, respectively, for the 1st week, and 0.5%, 1.5% and 3.3% for the 2nd week. Therefore, algal DHA oil can be utilized by laying Tsaiya ducks to enhance the egg-yolk DHA content. The concentrations of triacylglycerol (TG) and cholesterol in plasma of laying Tsaiya ducks were not affected by dietary DHA treatments (p>0.05). The DHA concentration in plasma, liver, and skeletal muscle was increased with the addition of dietary algal DHA oil (p<0.05). The mRNA abundance of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) and SREBP2 in the livers of laying Tsaiya ducks was not affected by dietary DHA, suggesting that the expression of these transcription factors is tightly controlled and not sensitive to DHA treatments.
Keywords: Laying Tsaiya Ducks; Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid; SREBP1; SREBP2; Fatty Acid Composition

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