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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(7): 931-937.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.931    Published online May 25, 2006.
Sequence Characterization, Expression Profile, Chromosomal Localization and Polymorphism of the Porcine SMPX Gene
H. P. Guan, B. Fan, K. Li, M. J. Zhu, M. Yerle, B. Liu*
Correspondence:  B. Liu,
The full-length cDNA of the porcine SMPX gene was obtained by the rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The nucleotide sequences and the predicted protein sequences share high sequence identity with both human and mouse. The promoter of SMPX was sequenced and then analyzed to find the promoter binding sites. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) revealed that SMPX has a high level of expression in heart and skeletal muscle, a very low expression in lung and spleen and no expression in liver, kidney, fat and brain. Moreover, SMPX has a differential expression level in skeletal muscle, the expression in 65- day embryos being higher than other stages. The porcine SMPX was mapped to SSCXp24 by using a somatic cell hybrid panel (SCHP) and was found closely linked to SW1903 using the radiation hybrid panel IMpRH. An A/G single nucleotide polymorphism (PCRRFLP) in the 3??untranslated region (3??UTR) was detected in eight breeds. The analysis of allele frequency distribution showed that introduced pig breeds (Duroc and Large White) have a higher frequency of allele A while in the Chinese indigenous pig breeds (Qingping pig, Lantang pig, YushanBlack pig, Large Black-White pig, Small Meishan) have a higher frequencies of allele G. The association analysis using an experimental population (188 pigs), which included two cross-bred groups and three pure-blood groups, suggested that the SNP genotype was associated with intramuscular fat content.
Keywords: Sequence Analysis; Physical Mapping; Polymorphism; Promoter; Porcine; SMPX

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