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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2006;19(3): 315-318.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2006.315    Published online February 1, 2006.
Genetic Variation of Growth Hormone Gene and Its Relationship with Milk Production Traits in China Holstein Cows
Zhou Guo-li, Zhu Qi, Jin Hai-guo1, Guo Shan-li
Associations were analysed between polymorphisms localized in intron 3 of the growth hormone gene (GH-MspI) and milk production traits of 543 China Holstein cows. A PCR-RFLP method was used for identification of genotypes. The following frequencies of genotypes and alleles were found: 0.77, 0.21 and 0.02 for +/+, +/- and -/-, respectively, and 0.87 and 0.13 for GH+ and GH-, respectively. Significant differences between herds were observed in the frequencies of both genotypes and alleles. The results of least squares analysis showed that in all three lactation phases the GH +/+ cows yielded most milk (p<0.01 for lactation I and p<0.05 for lactations II and III), whereas +/- cows showed higher milk fat content than +/+ individuals (p<0.05 for lactation I and II, and p<0.01 for lactation III). The +/+ cows yielded more fat than +/- individuals (p<0.01 only in lactation I). The +/+ cows yielded more milk protein than +/- individuals (p<0.01 for lactation I, II, and III). The +/+ cows produced milk of higher protein content than that of +/- individuals (p<0.05 only in lactation II). Based on these results, we conclude that the +/+ of GH locus should be the favored genotype in China Holstein cow breeds for use in marker-assisted selection programmes.
Keywords: China Holstein Cows; Growth Hormone Gene; PCR-RFLP; Genetic Polymorphism; Milk Production Traits

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