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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005;18(9): 1209-1216.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.1209    Published online December 1, 2005.
Genetic Relationships between MUN, and Predicted DCPun in Hokkaido Holstein Cows
Kazuyuki Nishimura, Shinya Miura, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki
This study aimed to use field data collected by the Hokkaido Dairy Cattle Milk Recording and Testing programs to estimate genetic parameters for concentration of milk urea nitrogen (MUN) and predicted Digestive Crude Protein Percentage of requirement (DCPun). Edited data consisted of 5,797,500 test-day records of MUN and yields of milk, fat, and protein obtained from 783,271cows in Holstein herds in Hokkaido, Japan. Data were divided into four datasets; for the first, second, third and fourth lactations. Two analyses were performed on data from each lactation. First, ANOVA was used to estimate the significance of the effects of several environmental factors on MUN and DCPun, after absorbing the Herd-Test-Day (HTD) effects. The effects of DIM and age`season effects had significant impact on MUN and DCPun. The second used a multi-traits repeatability model (MTRM) to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations of milk with MUN znd DCPun. Heritability estimates for MUN and DCPun in the first, zecond, and third lactations were 0.21:0.16, 0.20:0.16, and 0.20:0.18, respectively. Genetic correlations for milk with MUN and DCPun in the first, second, and third lactations were 0.02 ~ 0.17, and -0.25 ~ -0.39, respectively. The results indicate that MUN and DCPun are possibly effective tools for improving the energy balance, but that the relationships between MUN and other economically important traits such as feed efficiency, metabolic disease and fertility are still necessary.
Keywords: Hokkaido Holstein; Milk Urea Nitrogen; Predicted Digestive Crude Protein; Herd-test-day; Combined Effect of Age-Season and DIM; Multi-Traits Repeatability Model

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