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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005;18(4): 532-537.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.532    Published online April 20, 2005.
Associations between Feed Efficiency, Body Growth and Serum Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Level for Korean Native Ogol Chickens
W. K. Kim, M. H. Kim, D. S. Seo, C. Y. Lee, Y. O. Suk, Y. Ko
Increasing of body weight has been one of the important economic factors in the poultry industry. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I is a polypeptide that serves to regulate muscle development and body growth. Moreover, IGF-I is related to feed efficiency. However, there are few studies regarding the regulatory roles of chicken IGF-I/-II compared with that of mammals. Especially, the Korean Native Ogol Chicken (KNOC) has a lean body growth and its body weight is generally lighter than the broiler chicken. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate associations among serum IGF-I/-II concentration, feed efficiency, and body growth in KNOC. The body weight and feed intake of KNOC were recorded from 20 to 36 weeks at 2 weeks intervals, and blood was taken every 2 weeks. Serum IGF-I/-II were measured by RIA. Chickens were divided into two groups, high and low serum IGF-I concentration. Generally, feed efficiency and growth performance (body weight and weight gain) in the high serum IGF-I group were higher than those of the low group during the experimental period. In particular, the body weight of the IGF-I high group were significantly different from those of the IGF-I low group at 34 and 36 weeks, respectively (p<0.05). Moreover, body weight, weight gain, and feed efficiency had a significant correlation with serum IGF-I at several weeks (p<0.05 and p<0.01). These results show that IGF-I plays an important role in body growth and suggests a possibility that serum IGF-I could be used as a selection marker for body growth in KNOC.
Keywords: IGF-I; IGF-II; Body Growth; Feed Efficiency; Korean Native Ogol Chicken

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