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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(11): 1570-1574.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1570    Published online January 1, 2004.
Effects of L-arginine on Endothelium Derived Factors and Cyclic Nucleotides in Broilers under Low Ambient Temperature
Bo Han, Soonseek Yoon, Hongryul Han, Xiaolong Wang
Abstract
A flock of AA breed chickens were reared in peterstme brood-vait chamber and were provided with high energy pelleted feed. At 14 d of age, a total of 350 birds were randomly divided into 3 groups as follows: 100 birds were exposed to normal ambient temperature of 20째C for control group; 150 birds were exposed to lower ambient temperature of 11째C to induce ascites (treatment I); and another group of 100 birds were exposed to lower ambient temperature of 11째C and fed diet containing 1% L-arginine for ascitic prophylactic treatment (treatment II). Samples were collected from blood and abdominal fluid of chicken at 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 wk of age subsequently, to analysis the contents of plasma endothelin (ET-1), angiotensin II (Ang II), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). The results indicated that the contents of cAMP, cGMP, and Ang II in treatment I and ascitic broilers were higher than the corresponding control group (p<0.01, p<0.05), ET-1 of preascitic broilers were control group (p<0.05), while there was an insignificant difference with later ascitic broilers. The contents of cAMP and cGMP in treatment II were higher than the treatment I and control groups (p<0.01, p<0.05), whereas, the contents of Ang II were gradually decreased compared to the control group (p<0.05), the contents of ET-1 were insignificantly different. On further analysis, the increased plasma Ang II at low ambient temperature condition in broilers made endothelium cell secretion of increased ET-1, cAMP, cGMP and decreased NO. Therefore, low temperature accelerated ascites syndrome in broilers. Supplemently L-arginine can decrease ET-1, and increase cAMP and cGMP. It is concluded that cAMP mediated in broilers pulmonary hypertension syndrome.
Keywords: Ascites in Broilers; cAMP; cGMP; Ang II; ET-1


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