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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2003;16(9): 1242-1246.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1242    Published online January 1, 2003.
Genetic and Phenotypic Evaluation of Milk and Fat Production Traits and Their Interrelationship in (Zebu×European) Crossbred Cattle Using Parent Group Mixed Model
D. Singh, A. S. Yadav, S. S. Dhaka
Data pertained to 335 crossbred cows comprising of 1/2 Friesian (F) + 1/2 Hariana (H), 1/2 F + 1/4 Jersey (J) + 1/4 H, 1/2 F + 1/4 Brown Swiss (BS) + 1/4 H, 1/2 F + 1/4 Red Dane (R) + 1/4 H, FR (I) and FRH (I) genetic groups extending over a period of 21 years (1970-1990) maintained at Animal Farm of CCS HAU, Hisar. The averages for first lactation milk yield was 2,486.24??80.26 kg and peak yield of first three lactation were 11.35??0.72 kg, 13.97??0.60 kg and 16.02??0.42 kg, respectively. The lifetime milk production was observed as 11,305.16??1,004.52 kg in crossbred cattle. The average first lactation fat yield was observed as 102.06??0.01 kg and peak fat yield of first three lactation were 0.458??0.01, 0.490??0.01 and 0.500??0.02 kg, respectively. The lifetime fat production was estimated as 502.31??45.90 kg. LTMP and LTFP had reasonably good additive genetic variance which could be exploited either through mass selection/combined with family or pedigree selection. FLMY, peak yields and LTMP had significant positive phenotypic correlation with FLFY and LTFP and the correlation at the genetic level were also higher and positive for these traits. Finally, peak week milk yield of first lactation (PMY1) was the earliest available trait having desirable and significant correlation at phenotypic and positive at genetic level with FLFY, PFY1 and PFY2, PFY3 and LTFP and selection for this trait will help in early evaluation of sires and dams and will increase genetic advancement per unit of time.
Keywords: Milk and Fat Production Traits; Heritability; Phenotypic and Genetic Correlations; Zebu??European Crossbreds
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