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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2002;15(4): 470-476.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2002.470    Published online April 1, 2002.
Genetic Similarity and Variation in the Cultured and Wild Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius) Estimated with Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA
Jong-Man Yoon, Hong-Yang Park
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis based on numerous polymorphic bands have been used to investigate genetic similarity and diversity among and within two cultured and wild populations represented by the species crucian carp (Carassius carassius). From RAPD analysis using five primers, a total of 442 polymorphic bands were obtained in the two populations and 273 were found to be specific to a wild population. 169 polymorphic bands were also produced in wild and cultured population. According to RAPD-based estimates, the average number of polymorphic bands in the wild population was approximately 1.5 times as diverse as that in cultured. The average number of polymorphic bands in each population was found to be different and was higher in the wild than in the cultured population. Comparison of banding patterns in the cultured and wild populations revealed substantial differences supporting a previous assessment that the populations may have been subjected to a long period of geographical isolation from each other. The values in wild population altered from 0.21 to 0.51 as calculated by bandsharing analysis. Also, the average level of bandsharing values was 0.40±0.05 in the wild population, compared to 0.69±0.08 in the cultured. With reference to bandsharing values and banding patterns, the wild population was considerably more diverse than the cultured. Knowledge of the genetic diversity of crucian carp could help in formulating more effective strategies for managing this aquacultural fish species and also in evaluating the potential genetic effects induced by hatchery operations.
Keywords: Crucian Carp; Cultured; Wild; Genetic Similarity; Variation; Bandsharing

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