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Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2001;14(3): 384-394.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.384    Published online March 1, 2001.
Management of Excretion of Phosphorus, Nitrogen and Pharmacological Level Minerals to Reduce Environmental Pollution from Animal Production - Review -
I. K. Paik
In order to prevent pollution from animal waste, P, N and pharmacological level minerals should be properly managed. Microbial phytase has been used successfully to control P excretion. Activity of natural phytase in certain plant feedstuffs is high enough to be considered in feed formulation. Nitrogen control can be achieved through amino acid supplementation and protein restriction in the diet. Supplementation with carbohydrases reduces output of excreta as well as N. Ammonia release from the manure could be reduced by using a low crude protein diet along with the supplementation with probiotics products. Excretion of minerals used at pharmacological level can be reduced by using chelated forms. Cu and Zn in the form of methionine chelate have been successfully used in the broiler and pig diets.
Keywords: Phytase; Poultry; Environmental Pollution; Nitrogen; Minerals; Animal Mannure

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