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Review Paper
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1999;12(3): 449-459.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1999.449    Published online May 1, 1999.
Non-Conventional Roughages in Tropical and Sub-Tropical Asian-Australasian Countries - Review -
I. M. Nitis
Non-conventional roughage (NCR) is shrub and tree fodders, crop residues and agroindustrial by-products which is not commonly used as livestock feed traditionally and commercially. Eventhough many sources of NCR is available, the farmers perceptions on NCR not only vary from country to country in tropical and sub-tropical Asian-Australasian countries, but also vary from region to region within the country. Chemical composition and nutritive value of NCR are not only vary from species to species but also vary between species within the genera, between provenances/cultivars within the species and such variations are affected by season, climatic zone, topography and land utilization. The nutritive value of NCR can be improved by physical, chemical and biological treatments and conservation. Feeding NCR to ruminant and non-ruminant is not only improve performance of the livestock but also economically feasible. Future direction of NCR is inventarizaion, exchange information through NCR information centre, integration with either agrisilvicultural, agrisilvipastoral or silvipastoral system, and use of genetic engineering to produce high quality NCR that ultimately become conventional roughage for agroindustry and agibissiness.
Keywords: Non-Conventional Roughage; Agroforestry; Nutrient Composition; Treatment; Utilization; Livestock

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