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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1996;9(5): 583-590.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1996.583    Published online October 1, 1996.
In vitro development of bovine one-cell embryos fertilized in vitro in serum- and feeder cell-free culture systems
S. Ohboshi, K. Hanada, J. Zhao, M. Hattori, N. Fujihara, R. Umetsu, T. Yoshida, H. Tomogane
The purpose of this study was to evaluate some factors in the bovine embryonic development from one-cell to blastocyst using modified synthetic oviduct fluid medium(mSOFM), after maturation and in vitro fertilization of the oocytes. The embryonic development to the blastocyst stage was assessed at 7-10 days after in vitro fertilization, and the total cells in the blastocysts were counted by staining nuclei with fluorochrome. Some commercial calf sera(CS) and a superovulated cow serum had different effects on the embryonic development to the blastocyst stage(8.6-21.4%), dependent ipon their product lots, although the development might not be affected at least by serum progesterone levels. 棺-Mercaptoethanol(棺-ME) supplemented into mSOFM was effective to the embryonic development(27.8%), as well as the co-culture system with cumulus cells(19.5%). In a serum- and feeder cell-free culture using mSOFM containing several growth factors and 棺-ME instead of CS plus co-cultured cumulus cells, bovine serum albumin(BSA, fraction V), but not polyvinyl alcohol(PVA), was highly effective in embryonic development to the blastocyst stage, almost comparable to CS in the serum-contained culture(CS, BSA and PVA; 27.8, 19.5 and 5.7%, respectively). However, fatty acid free BSA rather reduced the number of developed blastocysts, compared with fraction V BSA(7.3 vs 29.4%). In the serum- and feeder cell-free culture, supplement of glucose to the medium(final 2.0mM) stimulated the cell proliferation of developing embryos 120 hr after in vitro fertilization. These results indicated that a serum-free medium supplemented with 棺-ME could successfully support the development of bovine one-cell embryos to the blastocyst stage. Moreover, supplement of glucose and fatty acids to the medium might support preferably the development and cell proliferation of embryos.
Keywords: Bovine Embryonic Development; Serum-free Medium; 棺-Mercaptoethanol; Bovine Serum Albumin

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