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Animal Reproduction and Physiology
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1992;5(3): 439-447.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1992.439    Published online September 1, 1992.
Effect of season on seminal characteristics of Holstein bull under semi-arid environment I. Biophysical characteristics
M. S. Salah, F. D. El-Nouty, M. R. Al-hajri, H. H. Mogawer
Eight healthy Holstein bulls, 4-6 years old were used to study the effect of season of the year on the biophysical characteristics of semen. Semen was collected twice a week by AV (artificial vagina) over one-year period. The analyses revealed that all the basic seminal traits studied were differed significantly due to season, except the ejaculate volume and consistency and the percentage of swollen spermatozoa in a hypo-osmotic fructose-citrate solution. Ejaculates collected during hot summer season had significantly lower sperm motility, concentration and total counts, and higher percentage of dead spermatozoa than those collected during winter time. Warm spring had moderate semen quality. The temperature-humidity index was calculated and it was associated (p<0.01) negatively with the ejaculate pH, sperm concentration and total counts, and positively with the % of dead sperms. Ejaculate volume, percentage of swollen spermatozoa, individual motilities did not correlate significantly with the change in temperature-humidity index values. The total live, motile spermatozoa per ejaculate during both the winter and spring seasons showed significant increase of about 37% and 32% respectively over the summer season. Also, rectal temperatures of the bulls were elevated during the hot summer season, while the values of blood hemoglobin and packed-cell volume were decreased.
Keywords: Season; Semen; Holstein Bulls; Semi-Arid

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