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Ruminant Nutrition and Forage Utilization
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 1990;3(1): 47-52.
https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.1990.47    Published online March 1, 1990.
Effects of prolonged exposure to the sun on body water turnover and volume of the blood in swamp Buffaloes
N. Chaiyabutr, C. Buranakarl, P. Loypetjra, S. Chanpongsang
During prolonged exposure to the sun for 8 h each day for 10 days in which the highest ambient temperature around 14:00 h was 39째C, buffaloes exposed to the sun without shade increased the turnover of body water by 35% and 76% on day 5 and day 10 of exposure respectively. The total body water markedly decreased on day five and this amount was maintained thereafter. Plasma and blood volumes did not change significantly on day five but markedly decreased on day 10. Packed cell volume significantly decreased on day five and day 10 of the exposure period. The reduction of packed cell volume on day 10 coincided with the decrease in total plasma water. On day 10 of the exposure, an increase in the rate of liquid flow from the rumen was noted. It is concluded that on the fifth day of exposure, the increase in the evaporative cooling process was attributed to initial mobilization of water from the intracellular compartment. The reduction of both plasma and cell volumes occurring from day five to day 10 indicated a loss of body water from both intracellular and extracellular compartments.
Keywords: Sun Exposure; Swamp Buffalo; Water Turnover; Blood Volume

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