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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(11): 1491-1495.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1491    Published online January 1, 2004.
Association of a Single Codon Deletion in Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15 Gene with Prolificacy in Small Tail Han Sheep
W. Guo, M. X. Chu, X. M. Deng, J. D. Feng, Ning Li, Changxin Wu
Abstract
Small Tail Han Sheep has significant characteristics of high prolificacy and non-seasonal ovulatory activity and is an excellent local sheep breed in P. R. China. Recently a novel member of the transforming growth factor 棺 (TGF棺) superfamily termed bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) was shown to be specifically expressed in oocytes and to be essential for female fertility. Therefore, BMP15 is a candidate gene for reproductive performance of Small Tail Han Sheep. The whole genomic nucleotide sequence of BMP15 gene in Small Tail Han Sheep was searched for polymorphisms by PCR-SSCP and direct sequencing, and only one polymorphism was found. The polymorphism was a result of a 3 base pair deletion, which eliminated a single Leu codon (CTT). The allelic frequencies for A (without deletion) and B (with a codon deletion) are 0.73 and 0.27 respectively. The effects of BMP15 genotype on litter size were evaluated using the least squares model. This indicated that there was a significant association between litter size of Small Tail Han Sheep and a deletion in BMP15 gene (p=0.02<0.05). Small Tail Han Sheep ewes with AA and AB genotype produce on average 0.5 and 0.3 more lambs per litter than those ewes with BB genotype.
Keywords: Sheep; Prolificacy; Bone Morphogenetic Protein 15 Gene; PCR-SSCP


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