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Animal Breeding and Genetics
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 2004;17(10): 1360-1365.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2004.1360    Published online January 1, 2004.
Genetic Differentiation among Sheep Populations from Near-sea Mainland in East Asia
S. X. Lu, H. Chang, L. Du, K. Tsunoda, D. J. Ji, W. Sun, Z. P. Yang, G. B. Chang, Y. J. Mao, Q. H. Wang, M. Xu
Using the method of `random sampling in typical colonies of the central area of the habitat`, 60 Small-tailed Han sheep were obtained in Jining city, Shangdong province. The variations of Small-tailed Han sheep at 12 structural loci encoding blood proteins were detected by several electrophoresis techniques and their gene frequencies were then estimated. The same data of four other sheep populations from Near-sea Mainland in East Asia were cited for the analysis of genetic differentiation. The average heterozygosities of five populations, namely Kharkhorin sheep, Ulaanbaatar sheep, Small-tailed Han sheep, Hu sheep and Cham Tribe sheep were 0.3447, 0.3285, 0.3157, 0.3884 and 0.2300, respectively. The coefficient of gene differentiation among four populations, Kharkhorin sheep, Ulaanbaatar sheep, Small-tailed Han sheep and Hu sheep, was 0.045557, and that between these four breeds and Cham Tribe sheep was 0.088005, indicating that the level of gene differentiation among the former four sheep populations of Mongolian group was comparatively lower than that between Cham Tribe sheep and other four sheep populations. The origin of Cham Tribe sheep deserve further research. The documentary research on the evolution of Small-tailed Han sheep and Hu sheep from Mongolian sheep was further verified by the biochemical experiments in the study. It was reasonably deduced that Hu sheep, Small Tailed Han sheep and Cham Tribe sheep were decreasingly influenced by the bloodline of Mongolian sheep.
Keywords: Sheep; Structural Loci; Genetic Differentiation

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